No person in the world never had a headache or other pain. There are many reasons: from serious diseases that require urgent hospitalization and even surgery to functional disorders that are easily subjected to drug correction.
Serious diseases include encephalitis, meningitis, hemorrhages in the brain, tumors, fractures of the skull bones.
To functional disorders include headaches caused by overwork, lack of sleep, change in weather conditions, the abuse of coffee. Of course, there are many more such conditions, and they are more common than serious diseases. It is for the treatment of such a “household” headache pain, and many pills can be purchased without a doctor’s prescription. Which of them has proven to be the best, reliable and sure headache remedies worthy of being in each first-aid kit?
Paracetamol (Panadol, Efferalgan)
Paracetamol is one of the best drugs for long-term symptomatic treatment, the founder of an extensive family of drugs for adults and children. It has both antipyretic and analgesic effect. It does not have the anti-inflammatory effect, but it has excellent tolerability and safety. Also, it can help in the prodromal period of viral infections with a toothache.
⦁ Excellent tolerability, safety and high therapeutic breadth of dosage.
⦁ The lack of anti-inflammatory action limits the use of the drug for cephalalgia caused by prolonged muscle spasm in osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
⦁ It is not recommended for patients with severe kidney disease.
Analgin is a universal fast-acting agent that is good for use during the first days until the doctor prescribes other medications that are more acceptable for long-term treatment of the acephalgic syndrome. Analgin (metamizole sodium) is known for its analgesic effect, and this is where its name comes from “Analgin” means “denying pain.” The drug is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream and can quickly relieve a headache in many cases if it is not very strong. For example, with meningitis, the drug is powerless, but for colds, vascular and tension headaches, it can help.
⦁ The effect develops quickly, the drug can be taken in pills, put intramuscular and intravenous injections.
⦁ With prolonged use of Analgin can inhibit leukocyte hematopoietic sprout, agranulocytosis develops, that is, the relative decrease in segmented neutrophils in the general blood count.
Sedalgin, Sedalgin plus
The drug is a highly effective combination of dipyrone and caffeine. Thiamine is a neurotropic vitamin (B1). The action of the drug is mild, analgesic and stimulating. Thiamine improves nerve conduction and at the same time tropism of nerve fibers. It has a good effect in vegetative-vascular dystonia, “relieves” headaches associated with lack of sleep and changes in atmospheric pressure. The drug can be used when there is a need to enhance and stimulate the nervous activity, along with the anesthetic effect.
⦁ Unlike paracetamol, the drug is indicated for headaches caused by osteochondrosis of the cervical spine and radicular syndrome.
⦁ It copes well with hemicrania (a migraine), severe headache.
⦁ Not recommended for glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, pregnancy, asthma, and insomnia.
⦁ Do not use it before bedtime.
This medicine can be used as a “back-up” if Analgin or paracetamol does not help. The drug contains naproxen – a classic anti-inflammatory agent. In addition to a headache, it also affects almost thirty different states. The breadth of the action is due to the pronounced analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic effect. Bonifen is symptomatic drugs and does not affect the course of the underlying disease. His task is to remove unpleasant symptoms.
⦁ It acts quickly due to proper absorption.
⦁ Nalgesin is subject to a headache emanating from the ENT – organs (rhinitis, sinusitis, otitis), toothache, tension headache, disorders of vascular tone.
⦁ Allergic reactions are possible: development of shortness of breath, bronchospasm.
⦁ You can not take the drug for ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, with anemia and oppression of blood.
⦁ Pregnancy, especially the 1st and 2nd trimester are also a contraindication to taking Bonifen.
Citramon (Askofen, Kofitzl, Citrapar)
Citramon is a combination drug. In addition to the well-known aspirin and paracetamol, it contains caffeine – a drug that gently stimulates the central nervous system, stimulates urination (diuresis). The tool has a clear focus: helps with headaches of a vascular nature, caused by a decrease in vascular tone and their “overstretching.” Caffeine can increase the sound of the vascular wall, and other components of the drug provide a stable analgesic effect. It is good to prescribe this medicine for headaches and drowsiness in people with arterial hypotension, as well as with reduced vascular tone of the brain (including migraines).
In addition to the analgesic effect, cinnamon can gently stimulate mental activity, reduces drowsiness, and improves overall performance. The tool is indicated for spiritual and mental stress during the study.
⦁ Not recommended for reception in the evening.
⦁ It is not recommended for patients with hypertension, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
⦁ Also, the drug “absorbed” contraindications of aspirin: peptic ulcer reduced blood clotting.
These drugs belong to the OTC group, and in any pharmacy, you will get it without a prescription. There are more effective and potent drugs, for example, Caffetin, Solpadein, but they contain codeine and are prescription drugs. But the drugs included in the list can relieve pain in most cases.
It is necessary to warn, however, against the uncontrolled use of painkillers. There are cases when taking a long-term use of drugs for pain reduction itself caused this pain, and only the abolition of all medicines led to the normalization of well-being.
That was a top five of pain-reducing drugs. According to professional doctors, they are the best with fighting with pain. However, there is more pain reducing drugs, which are not so good, but still work great.
Acetylsalicylic acid – aspirin
Aspirin is a universal remedy that acts quickly and “gently,” especially effervescent forms. Aspirin can help not only with headaches, but it also begins therapy for a wide variety of ailments – from cold to a migraine. It is taken as a fever, and with moderate pain syndrome, for example, with joint and tooth pain. Acceptance of acetylsalicylic acid reduces myalgia (muscle pain of different origin), improves the condition with painful periods. And, of course, aspirin can relieve headaches of various etiologies.
⦁ In small doses, it reduces the risk of thrombotic complications.
⦁ As a drug – the ancestor of an extensive group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, bears their negative properties:
⦁ It is contraindicated in reduced blood clotting, bronchial asthma, and gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
⦁ Contraindicated for children under 12 years.
The sedate is utilized for severe and moderate torment, incl. Provocative, vascular, horrible nature, just as oncology. The medication is the second rate in its level of activity to codeine and morphine, yet it is as yet prominent for high proficiency, quick and durable impact. The dynamic fixing, tramadol, restrains the conduction of nerve motivations. Measurement shape: containers, arrangement, drops, suppositories, tablets.
Points of interest:
⦁ solid pain relieving action;
⦁ advantageous types of discharge;
⦁ long and quick impact;
⦁ It is all around endured and does not restrain breath, blood dissemination, and gastrointestinal capacity, in the same way as other narcotic medications;
⦁ has an antitussive impact.
⦁ once in a while causes the accompanying antagonistic responses: queasiness, wooziness, regurgitating;
⦁ sub-par in the movement to morphine, codeine;
The medication has a calming impact. Like this, it isn’t prescribed to take it to those whose business is related to expanded consideration.
The medication is an intense nonsteroidal pain relieving, which is utilized for extreme and moderate torment. The dynamic fixing, ketorolac, hinders the blend of prostaglandins, which balance torment affectability, irritation, and thermoregulation. Signs: pain in oncology, tooth extraction, cracks, wounds, delicate tissue wounds, monthly cycle; the postoperative period, after labor, and so on. Accessible as an answer and tablets.
⦁ has a place with intense painkillers and has a vast territory of goal;
⦁ no reliance;
⦁ it is equivalent in solidarity to morphine, however dissimilar to it doesn’t have a soothing, anxiolytic activity, and furthermore does not restrain the respiratory framework;
⦁ is an excellent simple of narcotic analgesics;
⦁ rapid reaction in a fourth of 60 minutes.
⦁ symptoms: sickness, uneasiness, loss of solidarity, anxiety, heart palpitations;
⦁ not appropriate for perpetual agony;
⦁ contraindications: age as long as 16 years, excessive touchiness, lactation, pregnancy, gastric ulcer, bronchial asthma, and so forth.
The medication has a place with nonsteroidal analgesics. It is utilized to ease the torment of medium and mellow power. Additionally, the medication mitigates aggravation and has a moderate antipyretic impact. The dynamic fixing, dexketoprofen, lessens the union of prostaglandins and stifles torment receptors. Dose frame: infusions and tablets.
⦁ has a combined effect on the body: reduces inflammation, fever, and pain;
⦁ after half an hour, begins to act;
⦁ improves the condition of the patient;
⦁ drug effect can last up to 6 hours;
⦁ well tolerated.
⦁ not suitable for long-term therapy;
⦁ There are contraindications: bronchial asthma, hypersensitivity, diseases of the liver, heart, kidney, pregnancy, lactation.
And remember that if something bothers you, it is better to visit a doctor before using painkillers.