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Main Problems of Health after 50

Many factors affect the state of health of people of mature and elderly age who are 50 years or more. This is a genetic predisposition to various diseases, lifestyle and its conditions. Most scientists believe that a person lives less than the time allotted to him by nature. However, the right attitude toward aging, a healthy psychological state and competent care for the people who are 50 years old can significantly improve the quality of life of the elderly.

Doctors ranked the most common diseases in the elderly
Atherosclerosis is an essential companion of every person who is 50 years old or more. And, as you know, this leads to coronary heart disease, arrhythmia, heart attacks, cerebral strokes, hypertension. Cardiovascular diseases are the number one cause of death worldwide and in particular in developed countries. Overweight, high cholesterol, smoking, and concurrent diabetes increase the risk of such conditions.

Cancer
Unfortunately, this pathology group is distributed not only among older people, but also middle-aged patients. But due to the peculiarities of the functioning of the body in old age, reduced immune protection, various negative influences throughout a person’s life, a person more often develops malignant tumors.

Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
This group includes primarily degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine and joints, which often cause disability and complete loss of efficiency.
Arthritis is the most common disease that results in limiting the mobility of an older adult. Rheumatoid and osteoarthritis are diseases of the joints, which are often accompanied by unpleasant, painful sensations.

Causes of osteoarthritis are the destruction of the interarticular cartilage. As a rule, limbs that carry the most significant load are affected. Treatment includes taking pain medication as well as exercise. However, the amount should not be excessive. Doctors recommend using a cane that can take up to half the weight of the body.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects the small joints. It also requires painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. The bones should be at rest as often as possible, and the muscles, on the contrary, should receive a metered load.

Fractures are another miserable trap for old men. As bones become more fragile with age, any injury can lead to a rupture. Doctors recommend taking special preparations that strengthen bone tissue. Also, the elderly should move with caution and take care of themselves to avoid bumps and falls.

In the event of diseases associated with damage to the joints or with the effects of fractures, it is advised to relatives of patients to purchase special tools for domestic use. So, a particular toilet seat, special knives, and forks will significantly facilitate the life of the elderly.

Diseases of the intestine and urinary system
Another common problem is incontinence. These diseases are not diseases in themselves but are symptoms of other, more profound disorders. Often an infectious disease can be the cause of urinary incontinence, weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, and nervous disorders. It is essential that the doctor performs a full examination of the older adult and identifies the causes of the violations. Proper treatment has a positive effect in more than 60% of cases.

The cause of fecal incontinence can be as a weakening of the muscles, and arthritis, and other diseases that limit human mobility. It is essential that elderly caregivers understand that these symptoms are not necessary companions of old age, but manifestations of conditions amenable to treatment.

Pathology of the central nervous system
Pathology of the central nervous system, which most often manifests itself in the form of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, depressive disorders, vascular and other types of dementia, and sleep disorders.

Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Pathologies
The main direction of prevention of the inability of an older adult to an independent and fulfilling life is the prevention and effective treatment of the leading chronic pathologies that most often cause disability and the failure of an older adult to self-care.
There is an opinion that nothing can be done about age-related diseases, and incontinence, diseases of the joints, problems with the intestines will accompany a person to the end of his days. Such thoughts are the cause of depressive states of older people, but they do not correspond to reality. Thanks to the development of medicine, almost any symptoms can be alleviated. Even if the old man’s place of residence is a nursing home with dementia, his condition and the quality of life can be improved.

Consider the most frequent diseases that occur in old age, the symptoms of which can be alleviated with a competent approach.

Diseases of the intestine and urinary system
Another common problem is incontinence. These diseases are not diseases in themselves but are symptoms of other, more profound disorders. Often the cause of urinary incontinence can be an infectious disease, weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, and nervous disorders. It is essential that the doctor performs a full examination of the older adult and identifies the causes of the violations. Proper treatment has a positive effect in more than 60% of cases.

Risk factors for noncommunicable diseases
Healthy aging is a process that occurs throughout the entire life cycle. Harmful behaviors, often formed in the early stages of life, can degrade the quality of life and even lead to premature death. Poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol contribute to the development of chronic conditions, five of which (diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic upper respiratory tract diseases and mental disorders) cause approximately 77% of the disease burden and 86% of deaths in the European Region. The most difficult groups of the population bear the most significant responsibility.

Although, for example, smoking and lack of physical activity can have adverse long-term health effects. Changing habits will be beneficial at any age. If people quit smoking even at the age of 60-75, the risk of premature death is reduced by 50%. Also, according to the WHO Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health:

“Generalized scientific data for adults aged 65 and older show that physically active older people, compared with less active men and women, are much less susceptible to common causes of death like coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancer colon, breast cancer, higher levels of cardiorespiratory and muscular conditions. They have a correct weight and body structure, and the structure of biomarkers is more conducive to preventing cardiovascular disease type 2 diabetes and strengthen bone tissue. These benefits were noted in the older adult age group, with or without non-communicable diseases.”
In addition to the above, a healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining normal body weight, and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or at least delay the development of type 2 diabetes.

Poverty
With age, the danger of destitution increments, and for ladies, it is substantially higher than for men. The pervasiveness of neediness (salary level under 60% of the nation’s normal per capita pay) among individuals more than 65 years old fluctuates altogether over the European Region. For instance, in the countries of the European Union, the frequency of poverty ranges from 4% in Hungary, 5% in Luxembourg and 7% in the Czech Republic, to 51% in Latvia, 49% in Cyprus and 39% in Estonia.

Furthermore, numerous more established individuals can’t pay the expense of therapeutic consideration, including the estimation of their endorsed meds. Europe works intimately with the Member States to help them in creating procedures that lessen this monetary hazard and guarantee a progressively fair conveyance of the weight of wellbeing framework financing.

Senior Abuse
Senior maltreatment is physical, sexual, mental, and monetary abuse or disregard of individuals which are 50 years or more established. The size of the issue of elder abuse has not been enough characterized, but rather appraises demonstrate that no less than 4 million more seasoned individuals are presented to it in the European Region. Misuse influences both their psychological and physical prosperity and if proper measures are not taken, it prompts a weakening in the personal satisfaction.

As of not long ago, senior maltreatment was viewed as a private issue. Just over the most recent twenty years, the size of this issue was remembered, it started to be efficiently contemplated, and consideration began to be paid to it considering the unique living states of the older. The European Report on the Prevention of Elder Abuse, arranged by Europe specialists, examines the aftereffects of ongoing review concentrates and projects went for tending to this issue in the Region.

Forlornness, social rejection, and separation are essential social determinants and hazard factors for the strength of the old. They negatively affect all parts of wellbeing and prosperity, including psychological well-being, the danger of abuse and the threat of earnest hospitalization in preventable conditions, for example, drying out or unhealthiness. In all nations, more seasoned ladies are at a higher danger of social avoidance than more established men.

Depression is frequently not analyzed in more seasoned individuals. It is evaluated that its predominance among individuals more than 65 in the European Region is 2– 15%.


This group includes primarily degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the spine and joints, which often cause disability and complete loss of efficiency.
Arthritis is the most common disease that results in limiting the mobility of an older adult. Rheumatoid and osteoarthritis are diseases of the joints, which are often accompanied by unpleasant, painful sensations.

Causes of osteoarthritis are the destruction of the interarticular cartilage. As a rule, limbs that carry the most significant load are affected. Treatment includes taking pain medication as well as exercise. However, the amount should not be excessive. Doctors recommend using a cane that can take up to half the weight of the body.
Rheumatoid arthritis affects the small joints. It also requires painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. The bones should be at rest as often as possible, and the muscles, on the contrary, should receive a metered load.

Fractures are another miserable trap for old men. As bones become more fragile with age, any injury can lead to a rupture. Doctors recommend taking special preparations that strengthen bone tissue. Also, the elderly should move with caution and take care of themselves to avoid bumps and falls.

In the event of diseases associated with damage to the joints or with the effects of fractures, it is advised to relatives of patients to purchase special tools for domestic use. So, a particular toilet seat, special knives, and forks will significantly facilitate the life of the elderly.

Diseases of the intestine and urinary system
Another common problem is incontinence. These diseases are not diseases in themselves but are symptoms of other, more profound disorders. Often an infectious disease can be the cause of urinary incontinence, weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, and nervous disorders. It is essential that the doctor performs a full examination of the older adult and identifies the causes of the violations. Proper treatment has a positive effect in more than 60% of cases.

The cause of fecal incontinence can be as a weakening of the muscles, and arthritis, and other diseases that limit human mobility. It is essential that elderly caregivers understand that these symptoms are not necessary companions of old age, but manifestations of conditions amenable to treatment.

Pathology of the central nervous system
Pathology of the central nervous system, which most often manifests itself in the form of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, depressive disorders, vascular and other types of dementia, and sleep disorders.

Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Pathologies
The main direction of prevention of the inability of an older adult to an independent and fulfilling life is the prevention and effective treatment of the leading chronic pathologies that most often cause disability and the failure of an older adult to self-care.

There is an opinion that nothing can be done about age-related diseases, and incontinence, diseases of the joints, problems with the intestines will accompany a person to the end of his days. Such thoughts are the cause of depressive states of older people, but they do not correspond to reality. Thanks to the development of medicine, almost any symptoms can be alleviated. Even if the old man’s place of residence is a nursing home with dementia, his condition and the quality of life can be improved.
Consider the most frequent diseases that occur in old age, the symptoms of which can be alleviated with a competent approach.

Diseases of the intestine and urinary system
Another common problem is incontinence. These diseases are not diseases in themselves but are symptoms of other, more profound disorders. Often the cause of urinary incontinence can be an infectious disease, weakening of the pelvic floor muscles, and nervous disorders. It is essential that the doctor performs a full examination of the older adult and identifies the causes of the violations. Proper treatment has a positive effect in more than 60% of cases.

Risk factors for noncommunicable diseases
Healthy aging is a process that occurs throughout the entire life cycle. Harmful behaviors, often formed in the early stages of life, can degrade the quality of life and even lead to premature death. Poor nutrition, lack of physical activity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol contribute to the development of chronic conditions, five of which (diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic upper respiratory tract diseases and mental disorders) cause approximately 77% of the disease burden and 86% of deaths in the European Region. The most difficult groups of the population bear the most significant responsibility.

Although, for example, smoking and lack of physical activity can have adverse long-term health effects. Changing habits will be beneficial at any age. If people quit smoking even at the age of 60-75, the risk of premature death is reduced by 50%. Also, according to the WHO Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health:
“Generalized scientific data for adults aged 65 and older show that physically active older people, compared with less active men and women, are much less susceptible to common causes of death like coronary heart disease, hypertension, stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancer colon, breast cancer, higher levels of cardiorespiratory and muscular conditions.

They have a correct weight and body structure, and the structure of biomarkers is more conducive to preventing cardiovascular disease type 2 diabetes and strengthen bone tissue. These benefits were noted in the older adult age group, with or without non-communicable diseases.”

In addition to the above, a healthy diet, regular physical activity, maintaining normal body weight, and avoiding tobacco use can prevent or at least delay the development of type 2 diabetes.

Poverty
With age, the danger of destitution increments, and for ladies, it is substantially higher than for men. The pervasiveness of neediness (salary level under 60% of the nation’s normal per capita pay) among individuals more than 65 years old fluctuates altogether over the European Region. For instance, in the countries of the European Union, the frequency of poverty ranges from 4% in Hungary, 5% in Luxembourg and 7% in the Czech Republic, to 51% in Latvia, 49% in Cyprus and 39% in Estonia.
Furthermore, numerous more established individuals can’t pay the expense of therapeutic consideration, including the estimation of their endorsed meds. Europe works intimately with the Member States to help them in creating procedures that lessen this monetary hazard and guarantee a progressively fair conveyance of the weight of wellbeing framework financing.

Senior Abuse
Senior maltreatment is physical, sexual, mental, and monetary abuse or disregard of individuals which are 50 years or more established. The size of the issue of elder abuse has not been enough characterized, but rather appraises demonstrate that no less than 4 million more seasoned individuals are presented to it in the European Region. Misuse influences both their psychological and physical prosperity and if proper measures are not taken, it prompts a weakening in the personal satisfaction.

As of not long ago, senior maltreatment was viewed as a private issue. Just over the most recent twenty years, the size of this issue was remembered, it started to be efficiently contemplated, and consideration began to be paid to it considering the unique living states of the older. The European Report on the Prevention of Elder Abuse, arranged by Europe specialists, examines the aftereffects of ongoing review concentrates and projects went for tending to this issue in the Region.

Forlornness, social rejection, and separation are essential social determinants and hazard factors for the strength of the old. They negatively affect all parts of wellbeing and prosperity, including psychological well-being, the danger of abuse and the threat of earnest hospitalization in preventable conditions, for example, drying out or unhealthiness. In all nations, more seasoned ladies are at a higher danger of social avoidance than more established men.
Depression is frequently not analyzed in more seasoned individuals. It is evaluated that its predominance among individuals more than 65 in the European Region is 2– 15%.

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